Several works have been done on genetic engineering with major focus on its importance ranging from increasing plant and animal food production, diagnosing disease condition, improve medical treatment, and produce vaccines and other useful drugs. Methods in the techniques involve the selective breeding of animals and plants, hybridization (reproduction between different strains or species), and recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA). However, these benefits are not without peril. This article gives a brief account on the effect of this principle on the biosphere together with several controversial issues that accompany the acceptance of this technology.
Satyajit Patra and Araromi Adewale Andrew