Visualization of an Aortic Coarctation, Induced by a Thoracic Stent Graft, Using 4D Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Knapsis A, Schelzig H and Oberhuber A*

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Duesseldorf, Germany

*Corresponding Author:
Alexander Oberhuber
Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
University of Duesseldorf, Moorenstraße 5
40225 Duesseldorf, Germany.
Tel: 0211/81-19679
Fax: 0211/81-19091
E-mail: Alexander.Oberhuber@med.uniduesseldorf.de

Received Date: October 14, 2016; Accepted Date: October 17, 2016; Published Date: October 19, 2016

Citation: Knapsis A, Schelzig H, Oberhuber A. Visualization of an Aortic Coarctation, Induced by a Thoracic Stent Graft, Using 4D Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ann Clin Lab Res. 2016, 4:4 doi: 10.21767/2386-5180.1000126

 
Visit for more related articles at Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Research

Abstract

In 2001 a 13-year-old girl was taken to hospital after car accident, injured by multiple traumas, including an aortic rupture loco typico. Bleeding was brought under control via an endovascular approach with a Gore (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz, USA) iliac limb 14-16-7. Follow-up CT scans showed over the years a relevant, but constant, bird-beak configuration of the stent graft. In 2009 the patient developed progressive arterial hypertension with a secondary hyperparathyroidism. For further investigation a conventional angiography with pressure gradient measurement and a four-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging was performed. The quantitative flow measurements were obtained by means of a retrospective ECG gated cardiacphase resolved three-dimensional T1 weighted fast gradient echo acquisition

Case Blog

In 2001 a 13-year-old girl was taken to hospital after car accident, injured by multiple traumas, including an aortic rupture loco typico. Bleeding was brought under control via an endovascular approach with a Gore (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz, USA) iliac limb 14-16-7. Follow-up CT scans showed over the years a relevant, but constant, bird-beak configuration of the stent graft (Figure 1). In 2009 the patient developed progressive arterial hypertension with a secondary hyperparathyroidism. For further investigation a conventional angiography with pressure gradient measurement and a four-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging was performed. The quantitative flow measurements were obtained by means of a retrospective ECG gated cardiacphase resolved three-dimensional T1 weighted fast gradient echo acquisition [1,2].

Annals-Clinical-Laboratory-bird-peak-configuration

Figure 1: CT scan shows a relevant bird peak configuration of the thoracic stentgraft. The proximal end of the Gore stentgraft has no bare springs and is projected into the aortic arch.

The pressure gradient across the stent graft was 39 mmHg. Angiography showed a significant movement of the proximal end of the stent graft (Figure 2). The MRI confirmed the suspicion of a high-grade stenosis resulting in a functional coarctation. Flow analysis showed acceleration from 58 cm/s in the ascending aorta to 180 cm/s at the proximal end of the stent graft (Figure 3 and Video 1). The patient underwent open conversion with explantation of the stent graft and prosthetic graft insertion.

Annals-Clinical-Laboratory-stentgraft-induced

Figure 2: Angiography of the stentgraft-induced stenosis. The bulge of the stentgraft in the former rupture site of the aorta is visible as well.

Annals-Clinical-Laboratory-stentgraft-colour-encoded

Figure 3: Sagittal MRI of the stentgraft with colour encoded flow analysis.

Figure

Video 1: HPLC chromatogram of the nine reference compounds in 50% aqueous methanol, measured at 370nm. Retention times for rutin, sutherlandin A, sutherlandin B, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, sutherlandin C, sutherlandin D, quercitrin, quercetin and kaempferol were 11.9, 12.7, 13.8, 15.3, 16.2, 17.0, 18.0, 26.2 and 28.1 minutes, respectively.

Funding

This work was supported by a grant from Gore (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz, USA) and Medtronic (Medtronic World Medical, Sunrise, Fl, USA).

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Viewing options

Post your comment

Share This Article

Recommended Conferences

Flyer image
journal indexing image
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh